I recently did a video on my camera settings for sports photography (link to the video is at the bottom), I wanted to include a written version too. It's a bit more clear when you see everything layed out on paper.
There is no set formula for these, this is an example of what I typically do, its not always the same and it might vary quite a lot if my particular surroundings require me to change them.
Shooting Mode: Aperture Priority (if outside daytime) or Manual for indoors and floodlit games.
F-stop: f/2.8 or lower (mostly). Sometime f/4 for daytime football.
Shutter Speed: 1/1000 of a second or faster for outdoors, sometimes I have to settle for 1/800 at night or indoors.
ISO: Will vary depending on what I need to achieve the fast shutter speeds. This might be as low as 100 for daytime outdoors, maybe up to 8000 indoors. For daytime outdoors, I will use Auto ISO.
White Balance: Auto mostly, but I adjust it if it looks wrong for indoor stuff
Focus Mode: AI Servo (Continuous Focus Mode)
Auto Focus (AF) Area Selection Mode: Mostly Single point, but occasionally AF point expansion (up, down, left, and right)
Focus Control: Back Button Focus
Shooting Mode: High-Speed Continuous (burst mode)
File Mode: RAW (I know people will argue JPEG for sports, but this isn't about that).
Main camera Basketball: 50mm f/1.8
Main camera Football: Sigma 120-300 f/2.8
2nd Body Basketball: Sigma 18-35 f/1.8 or Canon 70-200 f/2.8 IS
2nd Body Football: Sigma 18-35 f/1.8 or Canon 70-200 f/2.8 IS (depending where I am sat).
IS (Image Stabilization): Off (always for Sports really)
Main body: Canon EOS 7dii
2nd Body: Canon EOS 7dii
Memory Cards: Lexar Professional 800x 8gb Compact Flash Cards, Transcend 600x 8gb Compact Flash Cards and Transcend 600x 64gb SD Cards (the CF cards get changed out during the game, the SD card remains for the duration).
I hope this was interesting for you guys/girls!
Thanks as always.